Critical Modes: an introduction to college composition  

Critical Modes

               an introduction to college composition

Table of Contents



Skills for Writers

     Chapter 1: Writing in the World

                    • Why Bother Learning to Write?

                    • Writing for a Specific Audience

                     Writing With an Aim: Expression, Persuasion and Information

                    • Writing with a Voice

                    • Writing and the Map Strategy

                    • Applying the Map Metaphor to a Practical Problem: Plagiarism

                    • Writing to Learn: The Writer’s Toolkit

                    • Summary

     Chapter 2: Critical Reading and Critical Thinking

               • Purposeful Reading

               • Before You Read

               • While You Read

               • After You Read

               • Reading Argumentative Images

               • Reading Visual Arguments

     Chapter 3: Discovery Methods

          • Writing to Learn

          • Identifying the Task

          • Writing to Communicate

     Chapter 4:  Building the Document

          • Moving from Discovery to Drafting

          • Using Discovery Materials in the Rough Draft

          • The First Rough Draft

          • The Intermediate Draft

          • The Submission Draft

          • A Flow Chart for Building Documents

          • Summary

     Chapter 5: Writing Effective Paragraphs

          • The Purpose of Paragraphs

          • Essential Criteria for Paragraphs

          • Types of Paragraphs

     Chapter 6:  Constructing Clear Sentences

               • Meaning What You Say. Saying What You Mean

               • Sentence Complexity

     Chapter 7:  Diction: Writing for Accuracy and Effect

          • Becoming Aware of Your Audience

          • Reference Tools

          • Figurative Language

          • Inefficient Language


The Modes as Critical Tactics

     Chapter 8:  Narration: Stories that Create Meaning

          Key Features of Narration

          Recognizing Narration

          Identifying Narrators

          Three Examples of Narration

          Flow Chart For Writing Narrations

           Writing Your Own Narratives


     Chapter 9:  Description: Creating a Dominant Impression

          • Key Features of Description

          • Three Examples of Description

           Knowing the Audience

           Writing Your Own Description

     Chapter 10: Illustration: Clarifying Your Emerging Insight

                Key Features of Illustration

                Illustration for Clarifying Evidence

                Illustration for Clarifying the Claim

                Illustration in the Sciences

                Illustration in Popular Sources

                Illustration and its Relatives

               A Flow Chart for Creating an Illustration

                Writing Your Own Illustrations


               Writing Your Own Illustrations

     Chapter 11: Comparison and Contrast

                Key Features of Comparisons

                Using Comparison for Critical Thinking

                How to Create a Comparison

                Three Examples of Comparison

                A Flow Chart for Writing Comparisons

                Writing Your Own Comparisons


     Chapter 12. Classification: Recognizing the Map's Naming System

                Key Features of Classifications

                Three Roles for Classification in Critical Thinking

                Classification as a Discovery Method

                How to Write a Classification

                Two Examples of Classification


                Writing Your Own Classification

     Chapter 13: Definition: Boundaries that Create Meaning

           Key Features of Definitions

           Using Definition for Critical Thinking

           How to Create Extended Definitions

           Three Examples of Definition

           Definition and the Other Modes

           A Flow Chart for Writing Definition

           Writing Your Own Definition


           Writing Your Own Definition

     Chapter 14: Process:  Identifying the "How"

     Key Features of Process

      Two Examples of Process Documents

        Flow Chart for Writing Process


      Writing Your Own Process Documents      

     Chapter 15: Cause and Effect: Identifying the "Why"

           Key Features of Cause and Effect

           Using Cause and Effect for Critical Thinking

           How to Create a Cause and Effect Paper

           Three Examples of Cause and Effect Papers


           Writing Your Own Cause and Effect Papers



Integrating the Modes: The Critical Thinking Task

     Chapter 16: Argument: Redrawing the Map

          What is the Question Really About?

          Evidence and Claims  

          Key Terms

          An Argumentative Paper

          A Flow Chart for Argumentative Writing

          Writing Your Own Argumentative Documents

     Chapter 16-a: Visual Argument

           Reading Argumentative Images

          Reading Informative Images



     Chapter 17: Research for Critical Thinking

          The Keystone Approach

               Managing the Information

          Techniques for Finding Expertise

               Tools for Finding Information

          Library Databases and Why We Should Use Them

          Other Databases and Online Resources

               Building on the TEQ Sheet: Annotated Bibliographies

          Why Academic Papers Cite Sources



Note:  a brief summary of the thinking/writing process is available at Contingencies, the instructor's handbook. Students might find it a concise introduction and review of the the modes and the tools for using them as tools for critical thinking.